17β-Estradiol Enhances Interleukin-18 mRNA Expression after Sensitization of Mice with Contact Hypersensitivity

概要

To clarify the mechanism underlying the enhancing effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on contact hypersensitivity (CHS) and the expression of interferon (IFN)-γ in mice, the mRNA expression levels of interleukin (IL)-18 were evaluated. Female BALB/c mice aged 3 weeks were ovariectomized, administered 3.2 μg of E2, and sensitized by 50 μl of 3% 4-ethoxymethylene-2-phenyl-2-oxazolin-one (OXA). Seven days later, CHS was elicited by the application of 7.5 μl of 1% OXA on the ear auricles. The auricles, cervical lymph nodes and spleens were excised, and gene expression was evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. E2 enhanced the expression of IL-18 mRNA in the spleen on the following day and in the ear auricles on days 4 and 7 after sensitization with OXA. The preadministration of an antibody against IL-18 receptor suppressed the CHS and reduced IFN-γ mRNA expression in E2-administered mice. IL-18 was present in the dermis of the ear skin and absent in the epidermis. E2 also enhanced the expression of IFN-γ and IL-18 mRNAs in splenocytes cultured with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). IL-18 protein was detected by flow cytometry in CD4+, CD8+ and NKG2+ lymphocytes among splenocytes cultured with LPS. These results suggest that E2 enhances lymphocyte activation in the sensitization phase of CHS, and that IFN-γ mRNA expression is enhanced in the elicitation phase of CHS.

著者

Sakazaki Fumitoshi Department of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan
Ueno Hitoshi Department of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan
Nagase Hisamitsu Department Of Hygienics Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Ueno Hitoshi Dep. Of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology Fac. Of Pharmaceutical Sciences Setsunan Univ.
Ueno Hitoshi Department Of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology Faculty Of Pharmaceutical Sciences Setsuna
Nakamuro Katsuhiko Department Of Hygienic Chemistry National Institute Of Hygienic Sciences
Fujiyama Masahiro Department of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan
Sakazaki Fumitoshi Department Of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology Faculty Of Pharmaceutical Sciences Setsuna
Ueno Hitoshi Department of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan University
Fujiyama Masahiro Department of Public Health & Preventive Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan University
Ueno Hitoshi Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kanazawa University

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