DETERMINATION OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN THE ICE CORE SAMPLES FROM GREENLAND

元データ 国立極地研究所

概要

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in the ice core samples taken from Greenland, Site-J (205 m long, ca. 450 years old) using a combined gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS). More than forty PAHs ranging from naphthalene to benzo (ghi) perylene were detected in the ice samples. Phenanthrene, methylphenanthrene and dimethylphenan-threne were among major PAH species. Concentrations of total PAHs were low (av., 58 ng/kg-ice) before 1920 whereas they started to increase after the 1920s (av., 970 ng/kg-ice for the 1920s to 1980s) and gave the highest value (5800 ng/kg-ice) in the late 20th century. These trend is primarily explained in terms of an increased anthropogenic emission to the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion in the northern hemisphere as well as atmospheric transport of the combustion-derived products over the Greenland ice sheet. This study demonstrated that PAHs are useful tracers to study atmospheric transport of anthro-pogenic pollutants and to reconstruct the historical trend of global air pollution.

著者

Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Fujii Yoshiyuki National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Kawamura Kimitaka Department Of Chemistry Faculty Of Science Tokyo Metropolitan University
Kawamura Kenji Center For Atmospheric And Oceanic Studies Graduate School Of Science Tohoku University
Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute Of Polar Research
Kamiyama Kokichi National Institute Of Polar Research
Fujii Yoshiyuki National Institute Of Polar Research
SUZUKI Ikuko Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University
Suzuki Ikuko Department Of Chemistry Faculty Of Science Tokyo Metropolitan University
Kawada Kunio Department Earth Science Toyama University
Fujii Y National Inst. Polar Res. Tokyo

関連論文

▼もっと見る