ICE-BASED ALTITUDE DISTRIBUTION OF NATURAL RADIATION EFFECTIVE ENERGY AND ANNUAL EXPOSURE RATE IN THE ANTARCTIC ZONE

元データ 国立極地研究所

概要

Natural radiation measurments provide physical data such as effective energy and exposure rate. It has been reported that, from the viewpoint of earth physics, the relationship between the exposure rate and the effective energy of natural radiation can be expressed by a hyperbolic function. However, the maximum value of the effective energy and the exposure rate of natural radiation can only be guessed. The ice plateau in Antarctica is almost completely unaffected by radiation from ^<40>K, U, Th and other natural radionuclides found in the ocean and in the ground. The altitude dependence of the exposure rate and the effective energy of natural radiation in the ice plateau result from a long period of exposure to these radiations. These results will be reported. Both ice-based altitude distributions of the exposure rate and the effective energy of natural radiation over Antarctica in the latitude range between 69°S and 77°S during approximately 500 days were measured using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD). The exposure rate and the effective energy of natural radiation over Antarctica were measured with an integrating TLD, and the following results were obtained. 1) The effective energy of natural radiation over the ice plateau in Antarctica is approximately 10MeV. This value is not dependent on the altitude above sea level of the measuring point, and is considered to be the effective energy of the cosmic-rays. 2) In high-latitude regions, the empirical doubling with altitude rule cannot be applied to the correlation between altitude and the exposure rate of cosmic-rays, and the exposure rate is instead found to almost triple with altitude. This relationship can be affected by magnetic field variations with latitude at the monitoring points. 3) Based on these results, the natural radiation over Antarctica consists almost entirely of cosmic rays, and, in general, natural radiation in the region, covered with wide sheets of ice at least 10m thick, is presumed to consist almost exclusively of cosmic-rays.

著者

Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Fujii Yoshiyuki National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Kamiyama Kokichi National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Kawamura Kenji Center For Atmospheric And Oceanic Studies Graduate School Of Science Tohoku University
Watanabe O National Institute Of Polar Research Research Organization Of Information And Systems
Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute Of Polar Research
Kamiyama K National Institute Of Polar Research Research Organization Of Information And Systems
Kamiyama Kokichi National Institute Of Polar Research
Motoyama Hideaki National Institute Of Polar Research
Kawada K Toyama Univ. Toyama
Fujii Yoshiyuki National Institute Of Polar Research
Watanabe Okitsusgu National Institute of Polar Research
Kawada Kunio Department Earth Science Toyama University
Kamiyama Kokichi National Institute Of Polar Research Research Organization Of Information And Systems
Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute Of Polar Research Research Organization Of Information And Systems
NAKAJIMA Toshiyuki National Institue of Radiological Sciences
ESUMI Shuuichi Shimane Prefectural Institute for Public Health and Environmental Sciences
Nakajima Toshiyuki National Institue Of Radiological Sciences:technical Advisor In Japan Chemical Analysis Center
Motoyama Hideaki National Inst. Of Polar Res. 10-3 Midori-cho Tachikawa-shi Tokyo 190-8518 Jpn

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