CHARACTERISTICS OF AC-ECM SIGNALS OBTAINED BY USE OF THE VESTFONNA ICE CORE, SVALBARD

元データ 国立極地研究所

概要

AC-ECM measurements of the Vestfonna ice core were carried out under the following conditions : at -12,-17,-22 and -27℃ under 1MHz; at -22℃ under frequencies from 300kHz to 1MHz. The relationship between conductance measured with AC-ECM and acidity was linear. It is considered that salt impurities also affect to the AC-ECM signals. However, we focus on the effect of acidity, because it is known that the effect of acid on the a. c. conductance is 3.6 times as large as that of salt from DEP analysis of the Dolleman ice core. The intercept of the linear regression is coincident with the conductance of pure ice; at -23℃, it is 3.6nS. The gradient, conductance increases raised acid, is 0.70nS l/μmol at -23℃. The gradients at four temperatures were well fitted with the Arrhenius equation and activation energy is 24.8kJ/mol. Activation energy obtained from this study, the Dolleman ice core and acid-doped ice agree with each other within the error range. The conductance at -22℃ increases monotonically from 300kHz to 1MHz. This tendency is not caused by the system but by impurities in the specimen. The ratio between the conductance at 300kHz and at 1MHz is 0.845. This can not explain with one Debye dispersion. These results add basic knowledge for radio-echo soundings, especially at percolation zone in the ice cap.

著者

Motoyama Hideaki National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems
Narita Hideki Institute of Low Temperature Science Pan-Okhotsk Research Center, Hokkaido University
Matsuoka Kenichi Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University
Matsuoka Kenichi Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Watanabe Okitsugu National Institute Of Polar Research
Motoyama Hideaki National Institute Of Polar Research
Matoba Sumito National Institute Of Polar Research
Narita Hideki Institute Of Low Temperature Science Pan-okhotsk Research Center Hokkaido University
SUGIYAMA Ken Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University
Matoba Sumito Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Matoba Sumito The Graduate University For Advanced Studies
Narita Hideki Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Watanabe Okitsusgu National Institute of Polar Research
Sugiyama K Department Of Applied Physics Faculty Of Engineering Hokkaido University
Sugiyama Ken Department Of Applied Physics Faculty Of Engineering Hokkaido University
Motoyama Hideaki National Inst. Of Polar Res. 10-3 Midori-cho Tachikawa-shi Tokyo 190-8518 Jpn

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