一般成人のスポーツ参与と社会階層

元データ 仙台大学

概要

The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between sports involvement and social stratification of adults. As a result of cluster analysis of four status variables (occupational prestige, academic career, annual income and life style), 815 sample cases were divided into six stratificational clusters. These were the upper and the lower stratum in Japan, and four middle strata having various status patterns. The results were summarized as follows; 1. There were not stratificational differences in adults participated in gymnastics and simple ball games of men and dance of women. 2. But, at various sports using facilities, outdoor sports and athletic sports, the participation ratio of the upper and its starting stratum was very high, and that of the lower was extremely low. Therefore, it could be pointed out that socio-economic factors were very important conditions of sports involvement. 3. The above conclusion was ascertained by the analysis of factors determining sports involvement. At the same time, it proved that life-stage and club participation in the past (female) were the strong factors determining sports involvement.

著者

丸山 富雄 仙台大学
日下 裕弘 教育学部
日下 裕弘 仙台大学

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