VARIABILITIES OF CURRENTS UNDER FAST ICE IN LUTZOW-HOLM BAY, ANTARCTICA-COMPARISON BETWEEN OBSERVATIONS AND MODEL

元データ 国立極地研究所

概要

We made current measurements at three sites under fast ice in Lutzow-Holm Bay during 1990-1991. In spite of no direct wind forcing and negligible thermohaline forcing, the current velocity is not small. Especially in Ongul Strait, the velocity typically reaches the order of 0.3 m/s. It is also noted that the direction of the mean current changes drastically from southward to northward in May. The currents at all sites have some correlation with the wind, atmospheric pressure and tide at Syowa Station. We constructed a numerical ocean model to understand the current system under fast ice. We modeled Lutzow-Holm Bay and the continental shelf which extends eastward. The model is barotropic, and the westward wind stress is applied to the ocean. In the case of no fast ice on the east shelf (corresponding to the before-May case), mainly the first mode of shelf wave is excited; while, when the margin of the fast ice is located at the shelf break (corresponding to the after-May case), the second mode of shelf wave is preferentially excited. Correspondingly, the current direction near the coast becomes opposite between these cases, which agrees with the observations in Ongul Strait. These studies suggest that the current variability under fast ice is mostly governed by shelf wave (or coastally trapped waves) generated by the wind stress offshore, and the dominant mode of shelf wave depends strongly on the location of the fast ice margin.

著者

Ushio Shuki National Institute Of Polar Research
Ohshima Kay The Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University
Kawamura Toshiyuki The Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University
Takizawa Takatoshi Japan Marine Science and Technology Center
KAWAMURA Toshiyuki Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University
OHSHIMA Kay Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University
Kawamura Toshiyuki Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Ohshima K Hokkaido Univ. Sapporo Jpn
Ohshima Kay The Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Ohshima Kay Hokkaido Univ. Sapporo Jpn
Ohshima Kay Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Kawamura Toshiyuki The Institute Of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University
Ushio S National Institute Of Polar Research

関連論文

▼もっと見る