ソースタイン・ヴェブレンの本能論 : 『製作本能論』第1章「緒論」の検討を中心として(制度派経済学の研究,共同研究)

元データ 1983-03-20 日本大学

概要

The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the role that the theory of instincts, as originally conceived by Veblen, plays in economics. The reason for this is that in the study of Veblen hitherto there has been no small divergence of opinion among researchers, resulting in various interpretations. Moreover this has influenced appraisal of Veblen's economics as a whole. Accordingly I undertook an examination of the introduction to his Instinct of Workmanship and the State of the Industrial Arts (1914). The justification for this is that here Veblen prescribes the "instinct" concept which he use, only at that passages. By recent years, the distinctive characteristic of research has been that, in order to his use of term "instinct," his "instinct theory" should be taken at the psychological (biological) level, and that it be classified as "instinctive psychology" or "behavioristic psychology". However, Veblen did not regard the term "instinct" as being on the psychological (biological) level only. This type of "instinct" he classified as "tropism," thereby distinguishing it from his "instinct." The reason Veblen attached importance to "instinct" was stressing man's active and independent nature and that only. Furthermore, he linked "instinct" to his analysis of "institution" and "culture," his principal subjects of research. That is to say Veblen observed that, while "instinct" motivated man, the repetition of these actions mold "habits of thought" and emphasized "institution" and "culture" as their complexes. At the same time he also layed stress on combining this with the impact of "institution" and "culture" on man's actions. Thus Veblen took both an inner (instinct) and outer (institution) view of man. Therefore, to argue as has been done hitherto that Veblen's "Theory of Instinct" be taken on the psychological (biological) level serves no purpose. For example, when the relationship between Veblen and the so-called "institutionalists" since Veblen's time are considered, it can be said that most researchers regard his "Theory of Instinct" on the psychological level, merely debating its existence. Hence it is appropriate to say that to re-examine of Veblen's "Theory of Instinct" has great importance not only Veblen, but also the related discussions with the "institutionalists."

著者

内田 成 埼玉学園大学経営学部
内田 成 日本大学大学院経済学研究科博士後期課程

関連論文

▼もっと見る