近世末期絹織物業中心地の人口移動分析 : 武州多摩郡八王子横山宿におけるケーススタディ

元データ 2001-03-25

概要

The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between the development of market locations and population accumulation in a rural industrial society by examining migration patterns in the late Tokugawa period. From the 1820s, the development of the silk industry in Hachioji generated migration by peasants from nearby villages and by workers from areas where the textile industry was already developed. In the late 1830s, the silk industry became divided into sericulture, reeling and textile production. As a result, fabric dealers migrated short distances from nearby villages, while peasants began to migrate longer distances to be employed on daily contracts. This shows a decline in the effect of distance as a factor in the intention to migrate. Out-migration occurred as Hachioji tenants moved to the Edo labor market in the 1840s. After the 1850s, the decline of Hachioji's function as a post town (shukuba) caused many servants employed in inns to migrate out to other post towns. This study clarifies that the development of the silk textile industry caused a shift in the spatial system of Hachioji from a post town to a market town (ichiba). Silk fabric production centers were the only areas where the industrial development of rural towns occurred before the opening of the ports.

著者

鷲崎 俊太郎 慶應義塾大学経済学研究科
鷲崎 俊太郎 日本学術振興会

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