ヒ素除去装置の汚泥槽内の微生物によるヒ素のメチル化に関する研究

概要

An arsenic removal unit was constructed by the Miyazaki University research group in Bangladesh. The sludge drained from the arsenic removal unit was directed to a sludge tank and allowed to settle down. Then the supernatant in the tank was released to an artificial pond. Biomethylation of arsenic is usually considered as a detoxification of arsenic because toxicity of most organic methylated arsenic is much less than that inorganic arsenic. Microorganisms in the sludge tank were evaluated growth characteristics and arsenic methylation. As a result, dimethylarsinic acid was detected in the broth, and the amount of total arsenic compounds in the broth decreased. It is thought that this loss was contributed by biogenic activity induced by inorganic arsenic biomethylation to gasified volatile organic species, such as monomethylarsine and dimethylarsine. These results suggested that microorganisms in the sludge tank may be utilized for natural attenuation of arsenic sludge from the arsenic removal unit.

著者

林 幸男 宮崎大学工学部物質環境化学科
林 幸男 宮崎大学工学部
宮武 宗利 宮崎大学工学部

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